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Research
The current group of research projects being carried out at the Laboratories are mutually supportive of one another and combine to form a comprehensive research program with a single unifying focus: human communication by speech and reading. Additional information for each of these projects can be obtained by clicking on the project's title. Information is also available on some of the unique tools used in our research.

Selected publications by Haskins staff members are also available on our site.

Nature and Acquisition of the Speech Code and Reading.
The overall goal of this program is to understand how the language apparatus, biologically specialized for speaking and listening, becomes adapted to reading and writing.

Acquisition of Language and Literacy by Deaf Children and Adults.
Investigates the acquisition of American Sign Language (ASL) and beginning English reading skills in deaf children.

From Endangered Language Documentation to Phonetic Documentation provids initial phonetic documentation of three endangered languages while further establishing how much material is needed for documentation to be considered representative. A reconsideration of how to define categories in terms of distributions of realizations rather than their means will also be a result.

An Ultrasound Investigation of Consonant Harmony in Tahltan (tht) provides ultrasound evidence of tongue grooving in Tahltan consonant harmony to test Gafos's (1996) prediction that such grooves associated with fricatives can explain the harmony as a local process despite its seemingly long-distance nature.

Early Ontogeny of Attunement to the Language Environment.
Traces the developmental course of infants' attunement to the speech they hear by monitoring and identifying the changes that take place in their perceptual and vocal capabilities.

Sources of Sound in Speech. Explores kinematic coordination of articulation and the regulation of air pressure in speech production.

Links Between Production and Perception in Speech. Examines the link between production and perception in speech, using articulatory data, modeling and synthesis.

Imitation: A Tool for Studying Speech Perception.
Uses the demonstrated tendency for adults to imitate the speech they hear as a tool for exploring the nature of speech perception.

Cognitive and Neurobiological Mechanisms in Reading Disability. Uses neuroimaging techniques and behavioral measures to provide a foundation for better understanding the specific deficits evident in reading disabled children.

Neurobehavioral Mechanisms in Reading Comprehension.
Identifies sources of reading-related difficulties in sentence comprehension that are most subject to individual differences and studies their cognitive and neural underpinnings.

Audiovisual Speech Integration in Children with autism spectrum disorders. Examines sensitivity to visual speech information in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Acoustics of Vocal Tract Shapes for Liquids. Uses articulatory data (ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to examine individual differences in the production of /r/ and /l/.

Sensorimotor Control of Human Jaw Movement. Explores the control of human orofacial movements, focusing on the jaw.

Postdoctoral Fellows in Reading Research. Attracts individuals interested in our work on reading development and the causes of reading failure.

Teacher Quality Research Grant: First Grade Reading Instruction. Investigates effective strategies for improving the preparation of classroom teachers to teach reading in the first grade.

Adolescent Reading Programs: Behavioral and Neural Effects. Examines the effects of three remedial instructional programs on the reading abilities, cognitive skills, and cortical activity of struggling adolescent students to determine which interventions are most effective.

Goals of speech production: The case of fricatives. The main aim of the research is to determine whether the speech production goals for fricatives are articulatory, aerodynamic, aeroacoustic, or acoustic.

Neurobiological Foundations of Reading (Dis)ability. The principal goal of this project is to gain a deeper understanding of the etiology of reading disability by following reading development over the course of two years in seven-year-old children of varying reading levels.

CSDE Reading First. Haskins Literacy Specialists and members of the Reading First Management Team are writing an on-line module for the State Department of Education.

Neural Control and Sensorimotor Mechanisms in Stuttering. A comprehensive neurobiological approach to explaining the neural basis of stuttering through an integrated series of theoretically-motivated, hypothesis-driven experiments.

Hartford Foundation for Public Giving (through the Hartford Public Schools). Haskins Literacy Mentors provide professional development workshops for teachers.

Repository for the storage and distribution of large-scale brain imaging and physiological data sets. Haskins Laboratories is developing a computer-based repository for the storage and distribution of large-scale brain imaging and physiological datasets. 

Reading disability in grades 3-8: Neurocognitive factors. Examines reading disabilities using behavioral and neuroimaging measures, assesses subtyping and comorbidities, and responsiviness to intervention.

Consulting Services (Yale Child Study Center). Statistical analysis of eye-tracking data gathered from children with autism.

Cognitive and perceptual constraints on rhythmic action. Investigation of sensorimotor synchronization.

Collaborative research: Landmark-based robust speech recognition using prosody-guided models of speech variability. The aim is to develop an ASR (automatic speech recognition) model that, for the first time, will integrate realistic models of syntax, prosody, lexical structure, and speech production and perception into a graphical model (GM) framework.

Reading Center of Haskins Labs work. Publication highlighting the work that the Haskins Literacy Initiative is doing in CT schools.

Variability and error in speech production. Addresses the relationship between 'normal' token-to-token variability in the production of phonetic units and tokens that can be characterized as containing 'errors.'

A kinematic study of phonetic reduction in American Sign Language. The goal of the study is to compare conventionalized and spontaneous sign lowering.

Haskins Literacy initiative. Provide professional development for K-3 teachers.

Production and Perception of Location in sign Language

Characteristics of Speech Production | Nonstuttering and Stuttering

See also: Haskins Research Protections Online (HARPO)

See also: Haskins Laboratories NSF Data Management Plan (DMP)