My research focuses on developmental problems of speech and reading and their neural bases. I am a member of the group at Haskins Laboratories that is exploiting functional neuroimaging tools to study how patterns of brain activity are molded by experience with spoken and written language. The group is also studying eye movements in reading connected material to investigate the temporal course of reading and comprehending text in real time by readers at various levels of skill. My research has also investigated the nature of cerebral hemispheric specialization for speech and other cognitive functions based on studies of brain-damaged and neurologically intact persons.
Representative Publications and Presentations
Shankweiler, D., Lundquist, E., Katz, L., Steubing, K., Fletcher, J., Brady, S., Fowler, A., Dreyer, L., Marchione, K., Shaywitz, S., & Shaywitz, B. (1999). Comprehension and decoding: Patterns of association in children with reading difficulties. Scientific Studies of Reading, 3, 95-112. (PDF)
Shankweiler, D. (1999). Words to meanings. Scientific Studies of Reading, 3, 113-127. (PDF)
Ni, W., Constable, R. T., Mencl, W. E., Pugh, K., Fulbright, R., Shaywitz, S., Shaywitz, B., Gore, J. & Shankweiler, D. (2000). An event-related neuroimaging study distinguishing form and content in sentence processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12, 120-133. (PDF)
Pugh, K., Mencl, E.W., Shaywitz, B. A., Shaywitz, S. E., Fulbright, R. K., Skudlarski, P., Constable, R. T., Marchione, K., Jenner A. R., Shankweiler, D. P., Katz, L., Fletcher, J., Lacadie, C., & Gore, J. C. (2000). The angular gyrus in developmental dyslexia: Task-specific differences in functional connectivity in posterior cortex, Psychological Science, 11, 51-56. (PDF)
Crain, S., Ni, W., & Shankweiler, D. (2001). Grammatism. Brain andLanguage, 77, 294-304. (PDF)
Braze, D., Shankweiler, D.P., Ni, W., & Palumbo, L.C. (2002). Reader's eye movements distinguish anomalies of form and content. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 31, 25-44. (PDF)
Constable, R.T., Pugh, K. R., Berroya, E., Mencl, W. E., Westerveld, M., Ni, W., & Shankweiler, D. (2004). Sentence complexity and imput modality effects in sentence comprehension: An fMRI study. NeuroImage, 22, 11-21. (PDF)
Shankweiler, D., Palumbo, L. C., Ni, W., Mencl, W. E., Fulbright, R., Pugh, K. R., Constable, R. T., Harris, K.S., Kollia, B., & Van Dyke, J. (2004). Unexpected recovery of language function after massive left-hemisphere infarct: Coordinated psycholinguistic and neuroimaging studies. Brain and Language, 91, 181-182.
Shankweiler, D. & Fowler, A. E. (2004). Questions people ask about the role of phonological processes in learning to read. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17, 483-515.
Fletcher-Flinn, C. M.., Shankweiler, D., & Frost, S. J. (2004). Coordination of reading and spelling in early literacy: An examination of the discrepancy hypothesis. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17, 617-644. (PDF)
Hindson, B., Byrne, B., Fielding-Barnsley, R., Newman, C., Hine, D. W., & Shankweiler, D. (2005). Assessment and Early Instruction of Preschool Children at Risk for Reading Disability. Journal of Educational Psychology, 97(4), 687-704. (PDF)
LeVasseur, V., Macaruso, P., Palumbo, L., & Shankweiler, D. (2006). Syntactically cued text facilitates oral reading fluency in developing readers. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27, 423-445. (PDF)
Braze, D., Tabor, W., Shankweiler, D. P., & Mencl, W. E. (2007). Speaking up for vocabulary: Reading skill differences in young adults. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 40, pp. 226-243. (PDF)
Byrne, B., Shankweiler, D., & Hine, D.W. (2008). Reading development of children at risk for dyslexia. In M. Mody & K. Silliman (Eds.), Language impairment and reading disability: Interactions among brain, behavior, and experience. New York: Guilford.
LeVasseur, V., Macaruso, P., & Shankweiler, D. (2008). Promoting gains inreading fluency: A comparison of three approaches. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 21, 205-230.
Shankweiler, D., Mencl., W. E., Braze, D., Pugh, K. R., & Fulbright, P. (2008). Reading differences in brain: Cortical integration of speech and print during sentence processing. Developmental Neuropsychology. (PDF)
Pre-Conference Symposium, Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading, Asheville, NC, July 9, 2008, The Phonological Deficit Hypothesis: How Well Has It Withstood the Test of Time (and Evidence)? Honoring the Career of Donald P. Shankweiler.
Shankweiler, D., Conway Palumbo, L., Fulbright, R. K., Mencl, W. E., Van Dyke, J., Kollia, B., Thornton, R., Crain, S., & Harris, K. S. (2010). Testing the limits of language production in long-term survivors of major stroke: A psycholinguistic and anatomic study. Aphasiology, 24(11), 1455-1485.
Braze, D., Mencl, W. E., Tabor, W., Pugh, K. R., Constable, R. T., Fulbright, R. K., Magnuson, J. S., Van Dyke, J. A., & Shankweiler, D. P. (2011). Unification of Sentence Processing via Ear and Eye: an fMRI study. Cortex, 47, 416-431.
Magnuson, J. S., Kukona, A., Braze, D., Johns, C. L., Van Dyke, J. A., Tabor, W., Mencl, W. E., Pugh, K. R., & Shankweiler, D. P. (2011). Phonological instability in young adult poor readers: Time course measures and computational modeling. In P. McCardle, J. Ren & O. Tzeng (Eds.), Dyslexia Across Languages: Orthography and the Brain-Gene-Behavior Links. Baltimore, Maryland: Paul H. Brookes. Pp. 184-201
Shankweiler, D. (2012). Reading and phonological processing. In V .S. Ramachandran (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Vol. 3, 249-256. New York: Academic Press.
Van Dyke, J. & Shankweiler, D. (2013). From verbal efficiency theory to lexical quality: The role of memory processes in reading comprehension. In M. A. Britt, S. R. Goldman, & J.-F. Rouet (Eds.). Reading: From words to multiple texts. New York: Routledge. Pp.115-131
Preston, J. L., Molfese, P. J., Frost, S. J., Mencl, W. E., Fulbright, R. K., Hoeft, F., Landi, N., Shankweiler, D., & Pugh, K. R. (2015). Print-speech convergence predicts future reading outcomes in early readers. Psychological Science, 26, 1 – 10.
Shankweiler, D. & Fowler, C. A. (2015). Seeking a reading machine for the blind and discovering the speech code. History of Psychology, 18, 78-99.
Braze, D., Katz, L., Magnuson, J., Tabor, W., Van Dyke, J., Gong, T., Johns, C., & Shankweiler, D. (2016). Vocabulary does not complicate the simple view of reading. Reading and Writing, 29, 435-451.
Fowler, C. A., Shankweiler, D., & Studdert-Kennedy, M. (in press). Perception of the speech code revisited: Speech is alphabetic after all. Psychological Review.
Shankweiler, D. (to appear). Carol A. Fowler’s perspective on language by eye. Ecological Psychology..